There have been reports of casualties and deaths resulting from the extreme and abnormal climate patterns. The wildfires in Greece have driven some to rush into the Mediterranean to seek safety in the waters. The Arctic Circle which is known for its snowy, cold climate was also affected by wildfires. While in Japan, just a few days after Typhoon Maria lashed and flooded the southern part of the islands a deadly heatwave is now blanketing a large part of the country.
The young and the old are the most vulnerable people affected by heatwaves. Dehydration, heat stroke, and hyperthermia or extreme spike in body temperature are the main risks during very hot seasons. Here are some tips and precautionary measures to ensure that you are safe during this hot season:
01. Keep Hydrated
Dehydration is a main problem and you may not readily feel that your body is already becoming dehydrated. Drink plenty of water, fruit juices or other fluids. It is recommended to drink 8 glasses of water a day but during hot weather, your body may need more than just 8 glasses. Bring a water bottle with you when going out to make sure you have a supply of fluids and sip on water throughout the day even if you are not feeling thirsty.
02. Mind What You Eat
It is recommended to eat small meals and to eat more often during hot weather. Try to avoid protein-rich foods because they increase the body’s internal temperature. Also avoid drinking alcohol, sugary sodas, and caffeinated drinks since it dehydrates the body.
03. Take Cold Baths Or Showers
It helps lower your body temperature and keeps you feeling refreshed. You can also splash your face with cold water from time to time to make you feel cool.
04. Stay Indoors
Stay indoors and avoid outdoor activities especially during noon up to around 4 pm when the sun is at its hottest. Pull down shades to limit sunlight from coming in. At night, open the windows if possible to let in cooler air and for ventilation.
05. Use Fan Or Airconditioning
While indoors, open your air conditioning or fan to lower the temperature inside. Using air conditioning will greatly reduce the feeling of sweltering heat inside your home. If you don’t have air conditioning at home, go to a place where there is like shopping malls, libraries, cafes, or movie theaters.
06. Wear Sunscreen If Going Outside
If you really need to go outside, make sure you are wearing sunscreen to protect your skin. Bring an umbrella or hat to cover yourself and wear sunglasses to protect your eyes. Avoid directly walking under the sun and use covered walkways or shelters as much as possible
07. Wear Loose Fitting Cotton Clothes
Light-colored clothing made of cotton or other breathable materials are recommended outfit during summer. It helps keep your body cool and allows perspiration to quickly evaporate.
08. Be Mindful Of The Kids
During the summer, kids would want to go out and play and they wouldn’t want to be kept indoors all day. Let them go out but try to avoid noontime up to 4 pm when the sun is very high. Make sure they are also wearing appropriate clothing, sunscreen, and are well hydrated.
09. Check Weather Forecasts & Plan Accordingly
Check the forecast for the day to be well informed. Share with your friends also and make sure to check on friends, relatives, elderly or neighbours who may be living by themselves.
10. Make Sure You Have Supplies At Home
Stock up on food, medicines, fluids and other necessary items at home. Make sure they are easily accessible in case of emergencies.